Industry 5.0 - A New Production Model

Updated: Mar 4

Industry 5.0 is nothing but adding the human touch to the Industry 4.0 pillars of technology and automation.



What is Industry 5.0?


Industry 5.0 refers to manpower working with smart machines as well as robots. Here, robots help humans to get the work done more efficiently and faster by using advanced technologies such as the Internet of Things (IoT).


Industry 5.0 is nothing but adding the human touch to the Industry 4.0 pillars of technology and automation.


In manufacturing areas, robots have performed dangerous, repetitive, and physically intense work like loading and unloading heavy items, painting, and welding in factories, etc. efficiently.


As machines are getting smarter and connected, Industry 5.0 merges the computing capabilities with human intelligence for more efficient operations.


Universal Robots, a Danish company is the first provider of industrial robots, working efficiently and safely with humans for factory operations.


This company’s industrial robots worked with humans in 2008 at Linatex, a company that supplies technical plastic and rubber for industrial operations.


The collaboration of humans and industrial robots opens doors to countless opportunities in the manufacturing and industrial sector.


The use of Industry 5.0 is still seeding, manufacturers should strategize ways to collaborate with robots and humans to get maximum benefits.

Key Difference in 4.0 and 5.0


The main aim of Industry 4.0 is to connect machines, systems as well as processes for maximum output.


Industry 5.0 takes this efficiency and work a notch higher with its collaborative interaction between robots and humans.


The differences between Industry 4.0 and 5.0 are as follows:


Labour


In Industry 4.0, the work is done by humans or machines, whereas in Industry 5.0, it is a collaboration between humans and machines.


Systems


The systems in Industry 4.0 are cyber-physical, whereas in Industry 5.0, it is cognitive cyber-physical, which is more efficient and fast.


Supply Chain


In Industry 4.0, the supply chain works on data analytics, whereas in Industry 5.0, it is responsive and distributed which makes it better.


Results of Networking


Industry 4.0 focuses on appearing on ios and other connected devices, whereas Industry 5. aims at great customer experiences.


Products and Services


In Industry 4.0, the products and services are focused on a specific target group. On the other hand, in Industry 5.0, the focus is on personalization.


What are the Essentials for Industry 5.0?


Networked Sensor Data Interoperability


Networked sensors made possible the collection of large data and global sensing for the industrial revolution.


It has also made faster analysis and personalization possible.


A network of sensors with low-level intelligence as well as processing power can lessen the requirements for a high-level data transfer mechanism. It also allows for local pre-processing of data at the same time.


This would then decrease network latency and overload on the system and at the same time create a level of distributed intelligence.


To make the most of the sensor network, a common framework for information transfer is required rather than a simple data transfer system.


After the implementation of the framework, the networked sensors will make extraordinary customization possible in the manufacturing units.


Multiscale Dynamic Modelling and Simulation - Digital Twins


Autonomous systems can create complexities in the evaluation of monitoring of manufacturing units.


For making policies and personalizing future products as well as product lines, you can use this tool - visualization and modeling of the production line.


The digital twin is a virtual mock-up of a process, service, or product. It is a bridge between the physical and virtual worlds.


Digital twin provides the manufacturing areas with the ability to scrutinize data, track the production process, manage risk before it happens, reduce downtime, and develop simulations.


With advancements in AI and data processing, it is possible to create more realistic digital twins that replicate the operating situation and attributes of the process.


When it comes to uncertainty in the procedures, the digital twins provide an opportunity by reducing wastage in the process and system design.


Digital twins are coupled with replicating techniques and state of the art visualization, it can increase productivity in all sectors.


Case Studies

Case Study 1

KUKA, one of the leading suppliers of intelligent automation solutions, has found that all business sectors like automotive, timber construction, etc. have benefitted immensely from the principles and products created by Industry 5.0.


These benefits were not achieved without some hesitations initially.


Mullerblaustein employees have teamed with KUKA on Industry 5.0 initiatives. They were doubtful about using robots at first because they thought it would replace their jobs. But after using it, they understood how efficiently it can work with human minds.


Case Study 2

Rogers Corporation is a manufacturing company of specialty materials that are widely used in other company’s electronic and consumer products, and has experienced the benefits of Industry 5.0.


The manufacturer integrated robots into its manufacturing process and has experienced an immense improvement in efficiency.


The company uses various robotic applications and one of them is a robot performing the task while the camera records the visual data.


With this system, the worker can complete multiple tasks at a time and if the camera notices any visual disturbances, it notifies the worker and he can make the rectifications.


Case Study 3

That giant PSA Group is the parent company of Opel, Peugeot, Citroen, and Vauxhall and uses cobots for driving screws on the body in white assembly lines.


In one situation the worker pulls a cobot into a position to fix screws on the vehicles as they move down in the assembly line. After the screws are fixed, the cobot returns to its resting position before working on the next vehicle.


The company states that the collaboration of robots and humans has resulted in improved geometric tolerances and cost savings.


Case Study 4

Many carmakers are actively using cobots in their manufacturing units. BMW has applied cobots to carry out some steps of the riveting process for crash-can assemblies which used to be carried out manually.


The use of cobots in the riveting process has dramatically reduced the cycle time from 64 seconds to 52 seconds.

3 Essential Facts About Industry 5.0


Industry 5.0 is aimed at supporting humans and not superseding


The upward surge in robotics doesn't mean it is here to replace workers who perform tasks on assembly lines.


Some people think that manufacturing workers are a poor alternative to a robot but the fact is that many companies who believed this experienced that when the human was away, they ended up having issues that were hard to solve. Thus, an amalgamation of a human mind with a robot can make things happen.


Robots are more consistent than humans in doing precision work but they are not flexible and also incapable of adapting. Robots also lack the reasoning that define humans.


Industry 5.0 makes a factory a place where you can create a personalized experience for the workers and customers.


Industry 5.0 finds balance between efficiency and productivity


The aim of Industry 4.0 was to interconnect machines, systems and processes for optimum performance.


Industry 5.0 takes this productivity and efficiency a notch higher. It is all about making the most of human brains and machines.


The progress of Industry 5.0 is unavoidable


Industry 5.0 is here to change the manufacturing world for the better.


Europe uses advanced technologies like AI to a great extent in all fields. The European Economic Social Committee consultative body also stated that the growth of robotic automation is certain.


Industry 5.0 brings the planning and preparation to meet the manufacturer’s outcomes. They can use these advanced technologies for efficient outcomes from machine and human collaboration.

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